Disease Control Projects

Disease Control Projects

FMD Pilot Scheme, Ooty (1982-85)

  • Initiated in Ooty, Nilgris District, Tamil Nadu
  • Encouraged by the results of, project extended to adjoining 29 districts of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.
  • Major components were:
    o Ear-tagging
    o Six monthly vaccinations (cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and pigs)
    o Post vaccination immune response monitoring
    o Outbreak control and strain differentiation.
  • Paved the way for FMD CP

Animal Disease Control Project (ADCP) for FMD Control – Kerala (2004-09)

  • Covered 11 districts of Kerala (not included in FMD-CP). The three other southern districts were covered by FMD-CP of GoI.
  • Five rounds of mass vaccination covering all the susceptible species (cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and pig) carried out till March 2009.
  • The major components were:
    o Mass vaccination & animal identification by ear-tagging
    o Outbreak management
    o Sero-monitoring
    o Extension and publicity
    o Animal movement management
    o Information management
    o Manpower development
    o Epidemiological studies.
  • A separate Project Management Unit was set up for this purpose.
  • For maintaining the cold chain, five walk-in coolers with generator back-up were established at various locations in the State.
  • To carry out sero-monitoring, three laboratories in the State were strengthened.
  • Sero-monitoring was routinely done after each vaccination round to assess the herd immunity levels for all the three strains of FMD virus.
  • The pre-project average of number of outbreaks, animals affected and animal mortalities from 1998-2004 was 611, 8225 and 92 respectively.
  • The average figures for the same during the project phase (2004-09) reduced drastically to 91, 816 and 41 respectively.
  • The total project cost was for Rs.34.18 crore with contributions from NDDB (24.98 crore), GoK (6.96 crore) and GoI (2.24 crore).
  • A self-sustainable model for disease control was established with corpus created with contributions from farmers and the government.
  • A corpus of Rs.17.15 crore was created from the above contributions by the end of the Project period (March 2009).

Pilot Project on Brucella Control (2013 to 2018)

  • Being implemented in three settings:
    (i) In field conditions – 250 villages in Kutch to be covered, this will reflect the strategy to be adopted in villages.
    (ii) Around semen stations, which is important in the context of production of disease free semen and;
    (iii) in a organized dairy herd.
  • The main components are:
    o Vaccination and identification by ear-tagging
    o Extension and awareness creation
    o Manpower Development
    o Milk Ring Tests in Villages
    o Sero-monitoring by RBPT & ELISA
    o Disinfection of infected premises
    o Disposal of infected material
    o Management of infected animal
  • Collection of suspected samples using Flinders Technology Associate (FTA) cards for ease of use is being field tested.
  • Newer, easy to use diagnostic methods like the Lateral Flow Assay (LFA) kits are also being field tested.
  • Linkages are being created between human doctors, veterinarians, paravets, farmers and other stake holders to develop a holistic approach to the disease control since being a zoonotic disease, it greatly impacts human wellbeing.
  • The field control model, if found successful, can be emulated in other parts of the country where brucellosis is a major concern.

Pilot Project on Mastitis Control (2014-2016)

  • Being implemented in Sabarkantha Milk Union since Oct’2014.
  • To be implemented in 50 villages where the bull production programme is ongoing, and in 25 progressive dairy farms to maximize the productivity enhancement efficiency.
  • The project aims to highlight the significance of subclinical mastitis, a form that causes more losses than the clinical or chronic forms and how its detection and treatment could help farmers to increase their profits.